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Kibale Forest National Park


Kibale is an extensive National Park, protecting a large block of rainforest that offers some excellent forest for bird watching. It harbours the greatest variety and concentration of primates found anywhere in East Africa. Superb birds and primates combined with easy access, a good infrastructure and a variety of interesting activities make this forest a worthwhile Uganda safaris destination. Many of the facilities are community based, thus providing the local community with the necessary revenue to keep their interest focused on the long-term protection of the area.

The area is mainly occupied by two tribes ie Batooro and Bakiga traditionally both tribes utilised the forest for food, fuel, building materials and medicines.

Key Species of Birds

Red-winged Francolin, Red-chested Flufftail, White-naped Pigeon, Green-brested Pitta, African Pitta, Joyful Greenbul, Grey-winged Robin, Abyssinian Ground Thrush, Grey-throated Flycatcher, White-bellied Crested Flycather, Masked and Black-capped Apalises, Uganda Woodland Warbler, Chestnut-winged Starling, Orange-tufted and Tiny Sunbirds, Grey-headed Olive-back.

OTHER WILDLIFE

Kibale has a well-established Chimpanzee-tracking program with a high success rate. Other primates that may be found on these guided walks include Guereza Colobus, Olive Baboon, Grey-cheeked Mangabey, L’Hoest’s Gentle ( Blue) and Red-tailed Monkeys is more likely to be found in open areas adjacent to the forest. You may find evidence of Elephant, Bush Pig and Bufallo along the trails, whilst Bushbuck, Blue, Harvey’s and Peter’s Duickers are other shy inhabitants of the forest interior. The guided night walks are also rewarding: Potto, Spectacled Demidoff’s and Thomas’s Galagos, Lord Derby’s Anomalure, African Civet and Common Genet are all possible.

Other interesting mammals from the list of over 60 species include Ichneumon, Banded and Marsh Mongooses, Alexander’s Cusimanse, Swamp Otter, Ratel ( Honey Badger ) and African Palm Civet. Although Golden Cat, Serval, Lion, Leopard, Warthog, Giant Hog and Hippopotamus are recorded from the park, they are unlikely to be encountered in the Kanyanchu area. Sitatungas are known from Bigodi Swamp but are infrequently seen. The spectacular and beautiful Rhinoceros Viper is fairly common here but is, unfortunately, less often found alive than as a road-kill.

ACCOMMODATION

The best place to spend the night is in Primate Lodge Kibale. Within a short period different types of accommodation will be available, including modern bandas, luxury tents and a comfortable Sky Tree House. The lodge is located in the middle of the forest, exactly where you start the chimp tracking from. A charming restaurant, bar and fire place will make sure you will spend the evenings pleasantly.

Mantana Luxury Tented Camp located in the middle of the forest.Bush type accommodation and quite comfortable.

Ndali Lodge a luxury accomodation with thatched cottages overlooking a crater lake.

The Rwenzori View Guesthouse located in Fort Portal approximately 30 kms from the forest. Comfortable, middle class rooms with or without private bathrooms are available.

The park offers very affordable chimp tracking. Groups ( limited to 6 people ) leave daily at 8:00 am and 3:00pm; the walks last about 3 hours. The highly recommended night walks depart from Kanyanchu Visitor Centre at 7:30 pm (book in advance) . Bring your torch!

Facilities at Bigodi include; an observation tower and a boardwalk that traverses the papyrus beds. The path and boardwalk may be flooded and muddy after heavy rain and gumboots are recommended. They can be hired at the visitor centre. The walk is about 4 km in length, taking 3-4 hours at birding pace. With all proceeds from eco-tourism going back into the community, this is a conservation project well worth supporting.

ACCESS

Take the road from Fort Portal to Kamwenge, which commences near the bridge over the Mpanga River in Fort Portal and is well signposted. Turn left at the junction 12 km from Fort Portal and follow signpost for a further 24 km to Kanyanchu Tourist Centre.

FOREST REGULATIONS

1.Please note that his is not a Zoo so it is a tropical rainforest and sightings depend on factors such as time of the day fruit availability, weather and how quite the primate group is.

2.The maximum number of people in a group is 4 visitors per guided walk

3.The maximum time allowed with the chimps is one hour, however, the time might be shortened under the guides discretion to eliminate stressful situations for the chimps

4.When trekking you are advised to remain in a tight group and follow the guides directions at all times.

5.Please remain at a distance of 8 meters from the chimps or the distance that your guide recommends

6.Under no circumstance shall you chase while they descend or to or walk on higher ground.

7.You are advised not to enter the forest if you are sick as this can put the animals at serious risk

8.Please refrain from eating near the chimps and other primates

9.Please do not shout in the forest

10.    Its advisable to wear long boots that cover your toes and long trousers as there are red ants and slippery trails, also carry along water proof clothing in the rainy season.

11.    Children under 15 years are not allowed to view the chimps for safety reasons.

12.    If you need to urinate please do so off the trail system.

13.    If you need to defecate, please do so off the trail system and bury all in a hole all waste.

BUDONGO FOREST RESERVE

Budongo Forest Uganda

 Budongo Forest is situated approximately 3 hours drive northwest of the capital city Kampala on the way to the prominent Murchison Falls National Park. This is the biggest Mahogany forest found in the whole of East Africa as well as habitat to the largest number of chimpanzees throughout Uganda. The major tourist sites within this forest are: the Kaniyo Pabidi Ecotourism site, Busingiro Ecotourism site and Kaniyo Pabidi Ecotourism site which are located at boundaries to Murchison Falls National Park and dominated by Mahogany and Iron-wood trees. The 115 kilometer expanse is a remote chunk of the Budongo forest. Its isolation once in a while offers a safe haven for the Lions, Leopards as well as Buffaloes. Early in the morning is the ideal time to set out touring because then you will have an opportunity to find a number of the forest inhabitants licking salt by the forest glades. River Waiga offers refreshment to the various safaris wildlife species within this forest.

Some of the Activities to enjoy within this forest include: 

Birding; the forest is among the most ideal places in Uganda to have a guided bird watching tour by the Royal Mile that extends from Nyabyeya Forestry College to the research station.
The Chimpanzee Tracking experience: is the number one priority here. Starting in October up to January, the time when the fruits are shorter in supply, the chimps move a lot covering a wider area so the success of seeing them drops to about 50% rate. Fortunately there is a diversity of Accommodation facilities available from where you can base to enjoy the Chimpanzee trekking as well as the exciting forest walks.

Birding in Budongo Forest

Among the various bird species that have been recorded in this forest are more than 360 species that will certainly reward you with a very amazing birding safari experience in this great forest in Uganda.  in addition there are 290 butterflies species, 130 Moths species, 465 tree species, as well as 24 mammals nine of which are actually primates.

The Budongo Forest reserve is among the most significant birding destinations in Uganda, and is located  on the escarpment northeast of the stunning Lake Albert. The forest is characterized by a medium altitude damp semi-deciduous verdant forest that covers 42 800 hectares, with patches of Savanna as well as woodland. this forest reserve sits on a gently rolling landscape, with a wide-ranging slope north-northwest towards the  great Rift Valley. This forest is drained by 4 tinny rivers which are Waisoke, Sonso, Bubwa, plus Wake that empty into the Lake Albert.  the Budongo has 5 major forest types which include: swamp-forest, mixed, Cynometra-mixed, colonizing plus the  Cynometra. The greater part of this forest reserve is sheltered by tropical high-forest communities. The Mid altitude semi-deciduous Cynometra-celtis forest occupies close to half of the total site whereas the Combretum savanna is extensive within the drier regions. There are a number of Eco-tourism sites found at Kaniyo Pabidi plus Busingiro.

Because of Murchison falls national park’s biodiversity, the park stands out as the best place for Uganda safaris and short weekend breaks for wildlife and nature lovers.

There are 2 endemic bird species within the Budongo forest which cannot be seen in other parts of East Africa. This forest comes second after the Semliki National Park as the most important forest in Uganda with species of the Guinea Congo forest-Biome. The Yellow-footed Flycatcher, simply known in Budongo within Uganda, was common within mature forest, however today it is extremely rare to see. Illadopsis puveli, a new addition, isn’t seen in another place in East Africa. Additional species that rank Budongo one of the finest bird watching destinations in East Africa include the Zoothers camaronensis, Ceratogymna fistulator, Neafrapus Cassini, Baits ituriensis, Smithornis rufolateralis, Sylvietta denti as well as Ixonotus guttatus. These different species are as well seen in just a few additional forests within Uganda. Rare forest birds have recently several times been recorded within the forest and among these are the Pitta reichenowi as well as Parmoptila woodhouse. Within this forest, Bird watching is properly facilitated with a widespread properly maintained 115 kilometer truck system

MABIRA FOREST RESERVE

The Top Things to Do and See in Mabira Forest are Nature Walks, Birding Walks
 Relaxation, Guided Hikes in central Uganda’s only Rainforest at Kampala’s Doorstep, just a 45 minute drive – the same from Jinja and you are there enjoying the tranquility of the ancient forest, that one could also called “the endangered forest,” invaded by illegal loggers, threatened in the past by a give-away to a sugar company to plant sugar cane – the grand old dame has survived and is a prime destination for birders and outdoor enthusiasts.

Mabira Rainforest is just a short distance from Kampala and equally so from Jinja.  it is the perfect place to get in touch with nature in an African Rainforest in Central Uganda.  Mabira

Mabira Rainforest is the perfect place for an invigorating nature walk, or mountain bike over the trails in the forest and beyond, for birders you can easily spend a half day here or even a full day, breaking for lunch at the lovely Mabira Rainforest Lodge or at a lower price at Griffin Camp.

Mabira Rainforest has 200 kinds of species of trees.  At times you come across patches of grasslands, and in the valleys of Mabira Rainforest you will come across various papyrus swamps, there are streams and a peaceful waterfall.

Mabira Forest’s accessibility from Kampala make it the perfect place for a day in an African Rainforest. When it comes to birding, this small forest is home to more than 300 species of mostly forest birds.  With an extensive network of trails Mabira Forest can easily be explored, especially accompanied by a guide who knows the forest, the mammals, the birds, plants and trees and even the butterflies, medicinal plants  that are found here in the rainforest of Mabira.

Mabira Forest is home to bush-pigs, blue duikers, red tailed monkeys, grey cheeked manga bees ( a smaller species of manga bees has been discovered here).  There is also the occasional leopard you will most likely not see here.

When it comes to birding here,there are 315 Bird Species found here such as theNahan’s  Francolin, Cassin’s Hawk-eagle, White-spotted Fluff tail, Afep Pigeon, Grey Parrot, Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo, Black-shouldered Nightjar, Sabine’s Spinetail, Cassin’s Spinetail, Blue-throated Roller, African Dwarf-kingfisher, White-bellied Kingfisher, Forest Wood hoopoe, African Pied Hornbill, Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill, Speckled Tinker bird, Yellow-throated Tinker bird, Yellow-spotted Barbet, Hairy-breasted Barbet, Yellow-billed Barbet, Green-breasted Pitta, African Shrike-flycatcher to name a few.

Here are the Top Things to Do and See in Mabira Forest

Forest Canopy – Super Skyway Zip-lining:

This is the only Zip-Line above the tree-tops in East Africa and you can do so in Mabira Forest at a most reasonable Price.

Adrenaline pumping adventures in the tranquil Mabira Rainforest.  The equipment meets all safety standard and was brought in from the USA by a Peace Corps Volunteer who put the program together and trained Ugandans in safety as visitors zip-line above the tree-tops in the Rainforest.

The activity can be done from 8 am to noon and from 1 pm to 6pm.  We can include it in your safari if a trip to East of Uganda, such as Jinja is included in your safari itinerary.

Uganda Mangabey Monkey Trekking:

The Uganda Mangabey Monkey a rare species of monkeys only found in Mabira Rainforest and in a few other locations in the country as well in a small area of bordering Tanzania.

There are 3 habituated groups inside of the Park and they can easily be tracked with guides who were a part of the habituation Process.

You will see other monkeys here like the red-tailed monkeys, birds, butterflies, flowering plants, and ancient trees that have been here for centuries.

The Uganda Mangabey was recently identified as a unique species.  The Forest is a perfect off-of-the beaten path spot for it.

Birding:

Mabira forest is home to 315 species of birds including some rare ones like the Nahan’s francolin, Tit Hylia, Yellow and grey long bills, Purple-throated cuckoo shrikes, Illadopsises, Jameson’s wattle eyes.

You can spot 46% of Uganda’s forest birds in Mabira Rainforest, that is  lot more  than any other forest in Uganda.

The remarkable thing about Birding in Mabira Forest is that you do not have a large area to cover on foot, meaning that the birds of Mabira Forest are concentrated  in a relative small area.

In one day, you will be able to identify a wide variety of bird species in this small forest.

Nature Walks:

You can go on Nature Walks without guides here, however for the best experience in the forest we recommend that you use the resident guides  that can give you the best forest experience.

Forest walks for any fitness level can be done here including children on a family safari with us, from a long and adventurous trek into the back country to a gentle meandering stroll through our well maintained trails.

It’s difficult not to run into one of the 3 species of monkeys native to the forest .

You will also see many birds and butterflies along with giant, ancient trees.

Mountain Biking:

The mostly well-maintained trails are also a great place for mountain bikers to blazed through the Forest.  One can even venture beyond the forest into the communities.

Mountain Bikes can be rented at Griffin Falls camp, outside of the forest at a National Forestry Department facility and the best bikes can be rented from Nile River Explorers in Jinja.

We can also arrange for you a well-maintained mountain bike for you to traverse  the forest for the day, enjoying the monkeys, birds, trees and plants that you will find along your way.

ZIKA FOREST          

ZIKA FOREST                                                                                                                                         ZiZika forest is situated along Entebbe road and its 25km away from Kampala city. It positions itself among the main attractions with in the area. The forest is also not far away from the airport which shows that it’s very calm to visit most especially for the foreign tourists. This is where the Zika Virus came from. This is a virus that has spread in the world with fear. Zika virus was first discovered in a monkey from Zika forest and is also appealed to have a link to the microcephaly which is a birth defect disorder.

About Zika Forest

This forest has numerous bio diversity of swamps that is full of crocodiles, grasslands as well as forest types which spreads to Lake Victoria. There are `140 types of woody plants , 35 saturniid, 60  moth types, leopards, snakes, mosquitoes, monkeys that are found in the Zika forest which is one of the main attractions you need to visit while on your safari to Uganda.

 

Apart from other forests, the Zika forest is also one of the many small forests in Uganda and has got exclusive mature trees and the best for bird watching from Entebbe road. Many of the birders have also said that bird watching here is a great experience with in the forest.

This forest has also got its own virus research field station which is joined to Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI). This forest has got one of the highest research towers with in the country and its 40m high of steel research tower that was repositioned from Mpanga forest 5 o years ago with the influence and funding of World Health Organization.

The steel research tower has given a good platform for the Uganda Virus Research institute for carrying out the detailed research and many ecological studies in the forest.  The tower is also a good spot for the tourists who aim of getting a good view of the monkeys as well as the birds in the Zika Forest.

 

The forest will also help you enjoy a fantastic leave and a break from Entebbe and Kampala’s much urban life most especially when you want a picnic holiday. Zika is also one of those attractions you should not miss while visiting Uganda. It has got a good nature slot and this makes it among the main list of areas to visit in case you are planning a safari to the pearl of Africa and it’s not far away from Entebbe international Airport.

Apart from its nature, wildlife and history, this forest has got an educational advantage most especially to students study classification and the ability to give breakthrough leisure tourists. Potus J. Carter listed this forest among the must visit attraction as he was disembarking his birding safari in Uganda.

The Virus was discovered in 1947 and came from Scottish Virologist Alexander Hamilton. The virus to Uganda was carried by Aede Africanu Mosquito. However, at present, the pearl of Africa is so free from the virus.

This forest is also home to the famous Uganda Virus Research Institute that researches the insects that carry diseases. It’s also an area for school children tour the 24 acre forest as well as the 40m tall research tower inside the forest. The forest is also part of the places for birders and many other tourists. Also the US President Jimmy Carter expressed here on a birding safari, so it’s assured that you will be in good company. Apart from the variety of birds that are found here, you can see some leopards, butterflies, snakes, and the red tailored monkeys.

This forest is 24 acres and under human attack, deforestation as well as the humans who clear the forest for houses and gardens. This forest also has remained an area near Entebbe where you can view the historic place where the zika Virus was first revealed and where you can view the forest with the mature trees, monkeys, birds as well as other wildlife specie

BUGOMA FOREST RESERVE

Bugoma Forest Reserve

Location
Bugoma Forest Reserve gazetted in 1932 is located in Hoima District in Western Uganda and covers an area of 401km2.  It is found on top of an escarpment east of Lake Albert on the edge of the Western Rift Valley.

Vegetation
The vegetation of Bugoma Forest Reserve can be classified as medium altitude semi-deciduous forest and about half of the forested part of the reserve is occupied  by Iron wood (Cynometra alexandri). The forest is drained by four small rivers  namely Sonso, Waisoke, Wake and Bubwa which flow into Lake Albert.

Attractions
The forest is endowed with a high biodiversity with 24 species of mammals , 465 species of trees, 359 species of birds , 289 species of butterfly and 130 species of moths.( Forest Department 1996a). The mammals include   Monkeys, Chimpanzees, Buffaloes, Uganda Kobs and at times Elephants. Lake Albert and River Nkusi are also the major attractions. There are also Eco-tourism sites at Busingiro and Kaniyo Pabidi.

Encroachment
There is a challenge of keeping the  encroachers who  have been evicted by the National Forestry Authority off the forest

ECHUYA FOREST RESERVE    

ECHUYA FOREST RESERVE                                                                                                                  Location
Echuya Forest Reserve is located western Uganda in the districts of Kisoro and Kabale. The forest range runs between Lake Bunyonyi and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park.

Importance of the forest
The forest acts as the water catchment area for the wildlife and people living around the forest. It is home to over 150 species of birds eighteen of which are endemic to the reserve, including the globally threatened Gravers Swamp Warbler and 124 species of plants.

Vegetation
It has a high quality bamboo and the vegetation is mainly montane rainforest.

Attractions
It is a home of 150 species of birds, 19 small mammal species, bamboo woodland and montane rainforest.

Forest encroachment
The reserve is surrounded by densely populated areas with people encroaching on the forest for many purposes including agricultural purposes.

Ecotourism
National Forestry Authority is working with the Echuya community to develop eco-tourism and conserve nature in the forest reserve through the following actions;

·         Application and promotion of sustainable forestry enterprises.

·         Sharing of resources for implementation of mutually agreed upon activities.

·         Formalizing arrangement for piloting a community based ecotourism activities within part of the buffer zone in Echuya Central Forest Reserve,

·         Developing  enabling working environment and modalities to enhance joint planning and implementation of conservation interventions in Echuya Central Forest Reserve,

·         Promoting Collaborative Management arrangement among interest parties to ensure the health of Echuya Central Forest Reserve to provide sustainable supply of forestry goods and services to the local forest-edge communities and the general public.

KALINZU FOREST RESERVE

Kalinzu Forest Reserve

Situated in Western Uganda, Kalinzu Forest is definitely one of those special places you would so much love to visit and explore. For travelers to Queen Elizabeth National Park, a branch-off to Kalinzu forest reserve is quite easy since the two attractions are right next to each other. You can carry out activities like forest hiking, birding, chimpanzee tracking, nature walks plus a couple more activities in the forest.

 

Kalinzu forest reserve is famous for its 400 plus species of trees, not forgetting shrubs among including the prunus African then the Parinari. Besides it’s species of trees, the forest is also known for harboring a couple of species of primates. These include: the chimpanzee, Colobus monkeys, blue monkeys, vervet monkeys and baboons. The 380 species of birds in Kalinzu forest reserve make it a great spot for birding tours and safaris. Some of the birds you can find in the forest include the black and white casket, the Great Blue Turaco plus more. The reserve also harbors approximately 100 moths, over 270 butterflies, flowers of nature and a few reptiles.

Kalinzu Forest reserve also harbors a couple of wildlife species that reside in Savannah grassland like the lions, wild pig, leopards, waterbucks, giant forest hogs, elephants, buffaloes and more. This is because it borders Queen Elizabeth National Park. This reserve attracts a good number of tourists annually and can be another great place to explore wildlife in Uganda while on your safaris and tours in Uganda.

 

Kalinzu forest reserve is situated in a district known as Bushenyi, found in the Southwestern part of Uganda close to Queen Elizabeth National Park and the extinct Maramagambo forest. A drive to the forest reserve is estimated to be approximately 382 kilometers by road. Kalinzu forest reserve lies on an average altitude of approximately 1400m above sea level.

KASYOHA KITOMI FOREST RESERVE

Kasyoha Kitomi Forest Reserve

Location
Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve is located in Western Uganda, South of Lake George and Kazinga channel in the Albertine Rift eco-region and it covers an area of 392 Km2.

The forest borders Kanyambogo to the North, Kalinzu / Maramagambo Forest Reserves to the South-east, Kyamuhanga Tea Estate/Bitoma and Ndangaro parishes to the South, Rwanjere to the East and Kyambura Wildlife Reserve and Queen Elizabeth National Park to the west.

Importance
Home of different bird species with over 308 species
It is a water catchment area for Lake George which has many species of fish.

Vegetation
The vegetation of Kasyoha-Kitomi is medium altitude moist-evergreen forest with grassland.

Attractions

·         Crater lakes namely Lakes  Kamunzuku, Kamweru and Kyema

·         Primates that include; Chimpanzees, Baboons, Red Tailed Monkeys, Black & White Colobus Monkeys, Vervet Monkeys and Blue Monkeys.

·         Lake George and Kazinga Channel

·         Queen Elizabeth National Park

·         Mammals like Antelopes, Bush Pigs and Duikers which is as a result of its being adjacent to Queen Elizabeth National Park.

·         Birds, Butterflies, Reptiles, Moths, Water Falls and Gorges.

MARAMAGAMBO FOREST   

MARAMAGAMBO FOREST                       
               The word “Maramagambo” was derived  from a traditional tale in which a team of young people got lost within the forest, and it actually took them a number of days to trace their path back to the local village from which these had come from. A kind of African-Hansel as well as Gretel Story; however on returning back to the village these young people couldn’t speak for long since they were extremely worn out – hence the word “Maramagambo” for ‘the end of words’.region of Queen Elizabeth Park from the escarpment of Kichwamba all through to Lake Edward.

 

 

The forest is the ideal destination for hiking as well as nature walk which can take anything from one and a half hours to as long as half the day – the half day trekking offers a chance to explore some of the stunning crater lakes.  The majorly tree canopy shaded trails through this glorious verdant forest offers you a rather different experience compared to that you get when exploring the open savannah.  The forest has seven different primate species which you may spot during your guided nature walk among which are Chimpanzees, Black and White Colobus Monkeys, Lhotse’s Monkeys, Baboons, Red Tailed Monkeys, Blue Monkeys, as well as the Vervet Monkeys.  The forest is in addition habitat to 2 nocturnal species which are: the Pottos plus the Bush babies.

There are various Uganda safaris Forest Bird species found here in great quantity and certainly birders will find this forest to be the ideal destination to see a diversity of species among which are some uncommon species like the Rwenzori Turaco, the White Naped Pigeons plus the Forest Flycatchers among many others.

Furthermore you may come across extended columns of matching Soldier Ants which columns have been at times spotted 100 meters long and 6 meters side by side. However it is advised to avoid these soldier ants since their bite is stinging but the good news is that their bite has no lasting effect on people other than the painful sting.

The most well-liked destination here are the impressive Bat Caves which in 2008 were closed because a woman contracted the Marburg Virus however in collaboration with the American – Center of Disease Control a secure viewing center has recently been established just outside of these cave and there you can actually view the numerous of bats that reside there and as well the pythons that feed on bats; quite the view and today all enjoyed safely without any threats of contracting the odd Marburg Virus.

In case you are exhausted from sitting within the safari vehicle, the Maramagambo Forest is the ideal place for enjoy a leisure forest walk although you should always watch out for the biting soldier ants.

 

Activities:

Kayaking at the gorgeous Kyasanduka Crater Lake

Bird watching

Guide nature walks

Chimpanzee trekking

 

Getting there:

There are Buses at the Baganda bus-park as well as at the new established bus station found near Nakivubo stadium within Kampala. These Buses travel in to and fro. The closest route is that from Kampala through Mbarara and Bushenyi route. On the other hand, you can decide to take that from Kampala via Fort-Portal, Kasese  and Bushenyi route. There is an airstrip at Mweya found in Queen Elizabeth National Park served by charter flights privately arranged from Entebbe international airport.

SANGO BAY FOREST RESERVE   

SANGO BAY FOREST RESERVE                                                                                                    Location
The Sango Bay Forest Reserve with an area of 578 km2 is located on the shores of L. Victoria in Rakai District in Uganda.  The forest is part of the Minziro Sango Bay swamp that lies on the border of Tanzania and Uganda at the western shores of Lake Victoria. It is the only extensive swamp forest in Uganda.

Importance of the forest
The forest is a home of Sango Bay wetland, Kagera wetland and Flood Plain which acts as water catchment area. The forest  has 331 species of vascular plants belonging to 88 families of these 122 are herbs, epiphytes or hemi-epiphytes belonging to 35 families; 68 lianas belonging to 38 families and 141 trees and shrubs belonging to 42 families.

Vegetation
Sango bay represents a unique natural wetland with vegetation like herbaceous swamps with palms and seasonally flooded grassland.

Attractions

·         The forest’s attractions include huge flocks of water birds, endangered mammals such as Elephant, Black and White Colobus Monkey and a sub-species of the Blue Monkey.

·         The site is also a breeding ground for several fish species.

·         The site contains Stone Age artifacts, internationally known as the Sangoan industry, which dates to about 200,000 years ago.

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